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Dutch Malaria Stichting

Dodewaard, Netherlands

Algemeen Nut Beogende Instelling

Malaria

Every 45 seconds a child dies of malaria. Malaria kills an estimated one million people each year, mostly African children under five years of age. Imagine 7 jumbo jets full of children disappearing, every day… 

The good news is that there is a lot that we can do. Malaria is preventable and curable disease. The Dutch Malaria Foundation is committed to saving the lives of these children.

  

Disease

Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It is caused by a parasite that is transmitted from one human to another through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. People who suffer from malaria often experience fever, chills and flu-like symptoms. Left untreated, people may die of malaria. Malaria kills at least 650.000 people annually. Most of them are children under the age of 5 in sub-Saharan Africa. 

 

Facts

 Malaria is preventable and treatable
 Every 45 seconds a child dies of malaria
Every year at least 650.000 people die of malaria
Every day 2000 people die of malaria
20% of all childhood deaths in Africa is caused by malaria
85% of malaria deaths are children under 5
90% of malaria deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa
Half the world’s population is at risk of malaria
Malaria occurs in 109 countries
Non-immune travellers from malaria-free areas are vulnerable to the disease when they get infected
 Malaria is transmitted by a female mosquito that bites at night
 Malaria is caused by a parasite
 Malaria costs Africa $12 billion annually
 25th April is World Malaria Day
 1/3 of all malaria drugs sold in Africa are fake
  

Questions & Answer


V: Why do mosquitoes always bite me and not my partner?
APeople naturally choose a partner with a different odour profile. So, you are either more or less attractive to mosquitoes. She can smell you!


V: What does the name malaria mean?

A: ‘Mala aria’ is Italian for ‘bad air’.  


V: Is malaria treatable?

A: Yes, if malaria is diagnosed early enough.


V: What are the symptoms of malaria?

A: The most common symptoms are chills, fever, flu-like symptoms. 


V: How do you get malaria?

A: You can get malaria from the bite of a certain type of malaria mosquito (Anopheles). 


V: What kind of disease is malaria?

A: Malaria is caused by a parasite that commonly infects Anopheles mosquitoes.


V: How many different types of malaria parasites exist?

A: There are five types of malaria parasites that cause an infection in humans of which Plasmodium falciparum is the most deadly. 


V: Why does malaria mainly affect young children and pregnant women?

A: Children under 5 are particularly susceptible because their immune system is not strong enough to fight the malaria parasite. Pregnancy lowers a woman's immunity to malaria making her more susceptible to malaria infection and increasing the risk of illness, severe anaemia and death.


V: What is the life cycle of the malaria parasite?

A: The life cycle is very complex. Infection with Plasmodium parasites (protozoa) occurs through the saliva of the mosquito. The following animations explain clearly the human stage of the malaria life cycle and the mosquito stages of the malaria life cycle.


V: What can be done against malaria?

A: The battle against malaria has four components: prevention, treatment, control and elimination.


 

BBC malaria documentary: return to fever road (2011)

This film reveals the harsh realities of malaria within a rural Kenyan village community - Kiagware

 

 

DISCLAIMER: Information on this site is provided for informational purposes only and is not meant as a substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professional. The Dutch Malaria Foundation does not accept any responsibility for errors or omissions or results of any actions based upon this information. You should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease, or prescribing any medication. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. Always consult your physician for the latest advice prior to travel.